Bleeding gums is a warning sign, indicating a gum inflammation (gingivitis) or an inflammation of the periodontium (periodontitis). At worst, tooth loss is the outcome.
Healthy gums do not bleed. They are pale pink firm and have a corrugated profile. Diseased inflamed gums however are dark red, soft and sensitive. They bleed easily and smell unpleasant.
The main cause of this inflammation and accompanying bleeding gums is poor oral hygiene. Bacterial plaque forms on teeth that are poorly brushed or not brushed at all. The groove between the teeth and gums (sulcus) is particularly at risk.
In addition to poor oral hygiene, the risk factors for the development of bleeding gums, gingivitis and periodontal disease are smoking, diabetes mellitus, hormonal changes during pregnancy or prolonged breathing through the mouth.
Do your gums bleed easily? It might be because of something simple, like using the wrong technique when you brush or floss. Or it could be a sign of a health condition you need to check out. At Thames Dental Care we have a team of dentists and hygienist who will be able to check the mouth and look after any gingival or periodontal problems.